obesity- What is obesity?
Obesity is a pandemic in the United States. This condition puts people at greater risk for serious illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is estimated that in 2016, 2016, 93.3 million (39.8 percent) American adults and 13.7 million (18.5 percent) of American children and teens are medically poor.
Obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 or more (BMI). BMI is a calculation that takes into account the weight and height of a person. However, there are some limitations to BMI.
According to the CDC, â € The Factors in the form of age, sex, ethnicity, and muscle can affect the connection between BMI and body fat. Also, does BMI does not differentiate between extra fat, muscle or bone mass, nor does it provide any indication of fat distribution among the person ??
Despite these limitations, BMI is widely used as an indicator of additional weight.
What is the cause of obesity?
Eating more calories than daily activity and exercise (on a long-term basis) increases obesity. Over time, these extra calories increase and your weight increases due to this.
The general specific causes of obesity include:
- By eating a poor diet of high food in fat and calories
- Having a sedentary lifestyle
- Not taking enough sleep, which can cause hormonal changes that make you feel hungry and crave some high-calorie foods.
- Genetics, which can affect how your body processes food to energy and how fat is stored
- Increasing age, which can lead to low muscle and slow metabolic rate, makes it easier to gain weight
- Pregnancy (losing weight during pregnancy can be difficult and can eventually lead to obesity)
Weight may also increase from some medical conditions. Contains:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A condition that causes the imbalance of female reproductive hormones
- Pradier-Willi Syndrome: A rare situation that is born with a person, which leads to excessive hunger.
- Cushing’s Syndrome: The condition due to the high amount of hormone cortisol in your system
- Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid): A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce some important hormones
- Osteoarthritis (and other conditions that cause pain, which can cause inactivation)
Who is at risk of obesity?
A complex mixture of genetic, environmental and psychological factors can increase the risk of an individual for obesity.
Some people have genetic factors that make them difficult to lose weight.
Environment and community
At home, at school and in your community, your environment affects everyone how and how you eat and how active you are. You may have learned to cook healthy meals or do not think that you can buy healthier foods. If your neighborhood is unsafe, you might not find a good place to play, walk or run.
Psychological and Other Factors
Depression can sometimes increase the weight because people tend towards food for emotional comfort. Some antidepressants may also increase the risk of weight gain.
It is a good thing to quit smoking, but leaving it can increase weight too. For this reason, it is important that you focus on diet and exercise while you are leaving.
Medicines like steroids or birth control pills can also put you at higher risk for weight gain.
How is obesity diagnosed?
Weight is characterized as BMI of at least 30. Body mass index is a rough calculation of the weight of a person in relation to their height.
Other precise measures of body fat and distribution of fat in the body include skinfold thickness, comparison of hip to the waist and screening tests such as ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
Your doctor may order some trials to help diagnose Obesity as well as diagnose health risks related to obesity. These may include electrocardiograms such as blood tests, liver function tests, diabetes screen, thyroid test, and cardiovascular testing to check cholesterol and glucose levels.
A measure of fat around your waist is a good predictor of risk for obesity-related illnesses.
What are the complications of obesity?
Obesity is much higher than normal weight gain. Having a high proportion of body fat in the muscles, there is also pressure on your internal organs along with your bones. It also increases the inflammation in the body, which is considered to be the cause of cancer. Corpulence is additionally a noteworthy reason for sort 2 diabetes.
Obesity has been linked to many health complications, some of which are life threats:
- Diabetes type 2
- heart disease
- high blood pressure
- Some cancers (breast, colon and endometrial)
- the strokes
- Fatty liver disease
- high cholesterol
- Sleep apnea and other breathing problems
How is obesity treated?
Medical support is available if you are obese and are unable to lose weight on your own. Start with your family doctor who may be able to refer to a weight specialist in your area.
Your doctor also wants to work with you as part of a team that helps you lose weight. That team may include a dietician, physician and/or other healthcare staff.
Your doctor will work with you to bring about a change in lifestyle. Occasionally, they can also recommend medications or weight loss surgery.
Lifestyle and behavior change
Your healthcare team can educate you on better dieting options and help develop a healthy diet plan that works for you. A structured exercise program and daily activity have increased by 300 minutes, which will help increase your strength, endurance, and metabolism.
The counseling or support group can identify unhealthy triggers and help you deal with issues related to any anxiety, depression or emotional eating.
Medical weight loss
Your doctor may prescribe weight loss medicines besides some health tips and exercise plans. Medicines are usually prescribed only when other methods of weight loss do not work and if you have BMI of 27 or more in addition to obesity-related health problems.
Prescription weight-loss drugs either stop the absorption of fat or suppress appetite. These medicines can have unpleasant side effects. For example, medicine orlistat (Xenical) oil and can continually lead to bowel movements, bowel insides, and gas. As long as you are taking these medicines, your doctor will closely monitor you.
Weight loss surgery
Weight loss surgery (commonly called â € surgery bariatric surgeryâ €) requires a commitment from patients to change their lifestyle.
This type of surgery tells you how much food you can eat comfortably or can prevent your body from absorbing food and calories.
Candidates will have BMI 40 or more for weight loss surgery, or with severe obesity-related health problems, 35 to 39.9 will be BMI.
Patients often have to lose weight before they undergo surgery. In addition, they will normally go through the consultation to ensure that they are emotionally prepared for this surgery and are ready to make changes in the necessary lifestyle.
Surgical options include:
- Gastric bypass surgery, which creates a small sac on the top of your stomach that connects directly to your small intestine. Foods and fluids go through the sac and into the intestine, most of the stomachs pass by
- Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), which separates your stomach into two sachets by using a band
- Gastric sleeve, which removes the part of your stomach
Biliary diversion with two-way switches, which removes most of your stomach
What is the long-term approach to obesity?
There has been a dramatic increase in obesity-related diseases. This is the reason why communities, states and the federal government are focusing on healthy eating options and activities to help trigger the tide on obesity.
Ultimately, however, there is a responsibility on each of us to make these healthy changes.
How can you prevent obesity?
Help prevent you from increasing weight by making good lifestyle choices. Target moderate exercise (walking, swimming, biking) for 20 to 30 minutes each day.
Eat well by selecting nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Eat high fat, high-calorie foods in moderation.